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For each year that passes, Islamic dates fall on earlier dates in the Gregorian calendar.
It takes 33 years until the Hijri year has cycled through a full Gregorian year and a given Islamic date again falls on the same Gregorian date.
An Islamic year consistently falls about 11 days short of the solar year.
For that reason, the Islamic calendar cannot be used for agriculture or other activities traditionally linked to the seasons, and most Muslim countries officially use the Gregorian calendar as their civil calendar alongside the Hijri system. The traditional version of the Islamic calendar requires an authorized person or committee to make an actual sighting of the Crescent Moon to determine the length of each month.
This dependence on astronomical observations makes it difficult to predict the length of Islamic months.
Clouds and other adverse atmospheric conditions can obscure an otherwise visible Crescent Moon.
The timing of the months in the Islamic calendar is based on astronomical observation.
A new month can only begin after a Waxing Crescent Moon is observed shortly after sunset.
The beginning of each month is marked by the observance of a new moon seen for the first time.For example, January 1, 2016 fell into year 1437 AH in the Lunar Hijri calendar, which corresponds to year 1394 in the Solar Hijri calendar.Even though the Islamic calendar year does not match up with the length of a solar year, it does not feature a correction mechanism like leap days in the Gregorian calendar to make up for the deviation.From Persian (zabān-i-)urdū ‘(language of the) camp’ (because it developed as a lingua franca after the Muslim invasions between the occupying armies and the local people of the region around Delhi), urdū being from Turkic ordu (see horde).
The Hijri calendar is not to be confused with the Solar Hijri calendar used in Iran and Afghanistan. The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar whose time reckoning is tied to the Moon phases.Islamic Finder provides you with the most accurate Islamic calendar with all the Islamic events highlighted for your ease.