Dating service in holand
The Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled the Low Countries in the 15th century, used the term les pays de par deçà (~ the lands over here) for the Low Countries as opposed to les pays de par delà (~ the lands over there) for their original homeland: Burgundy in present-day east-central France.
From a regional point of view, Niderlant was also the area between the Meuse and the lower Rhine in the late Middle Ages.
The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870 and had women's suffrage introduced in 1919.
Accepting of the LGBT community, it became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001.
The region of Holland consists of North and South Holland, two of the nation's twelve provinces, formerly a single province, and earlier still, the County of Holland, a remnant of the dissolved Frisian Kingdom.
Following the decline of the Duchy of Brabant and the County of Flanders Holland became the most economically and politically important county in the Low Countries region.
In 2017, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the sixth-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands also has a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, good public education and infrastructure, and a wide range of social benefits.
This is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate as well as its highly developed intensive agriculture.
The emphasis on Holland during the formation of the Dutch Republic, the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars in the 16th, 17th and 18th century, made Holland serve as a pars pro toto for the entire country, which is now considered either incorrect, The region called Low Countries (comprising Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) and the Country of the Netherlands, have the same toponymy.
Place names with Neder (or lage), Nieder, Nether (or low) and Nedre (in Germanic languages) and Bas or Inferior (in Romance languages) are in use in places all over Europe.
Referring to the Netherlands as Holland in the English language is similar to calling the United Kingdom "England" by people outside the UK.
The term is so pervasive among potential investors and tourists, however, that the Dutch government's international websites for tourism and trade are "holland.com" and "hollandtradeandinvest.com".
The Netherlands' turbulent history and shifts of power resulted in exceptionally many and widely varying names in different languages. This holds also for English, where Dutch is the adjective form and the misnomer Holland a synonym for the country "the Netherlands".